Literature Review

Studies on entomopathogenic nematodes in Brazil: past and future

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In Brazil, the first study with entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) was conducted by Lauro Travassos in 1927, when he created the genus Steineria, that latter was changed to Steinernema. After important meetings and courses, there was a great development of EPNs research in various states by different research groups in Brazil. Many EPN species were isolated throughout the country and two new species described: Heterorhabditis amazonensis and Steinernema brazilense. The behavioral aspects, life cycle and pathogenicity of native EPNs were analyzed. Also their persistence and survival in the soil and the biotic and abiotic factors that may affect their efficiency as biocontrol agents. Due to the particular native species characteristics, production, formulation and application technologies were developed for them. Here in we summarize main Brazilians studies in different areas using EPNs. This is the first review on the subject in Brazil.


  • Lauro Travassos in 1927 created genus Steinernema.
  • Two new species of entomopathogenic nematodes were described.
  • Studies on ecology, biology, production, formulation and application of native species have been carried out since 2000.


biology, ecology, behavior, production, formulation

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